The courts often consider the existence of rituals, such as circumambulation in determining if a religion is legally valid.

legal standards

    “5. e. Ceremonies and Rituals: Most religions include some form of ceremony, ritual, liturgy, sacrament, or protocol. These acts, statements, and movements are prescribed by the religion and are imbued with transcendent significance.” —United States of America v David Meyers

Kemetic or ancient Egyptian religion

    Circumambulation is the sacred practice of walking in circles. The oldest known versions occur in ancient Egypt, ancient Babylon, and ancient India. Modern versions include Vedic Circumabulation (the Parikrama of Hinduism), Jainist Circumambulation (called Pradakshina), Islamic Circumambulation (around selected sacred sites), Buddhist Circumabulation, and Masonic Circumambulation.

    Circumambulation is usually done around sacred objects or locations and typically the sacred is kept on the right of those walking.

    There is deep cosmic symbology, with the walking often representing the path of particular celestial bodies (such as the Earth, Sun, Saturn, or Mercury).

    Circumambulation is often done with incense, and as mentioned elsewhere one of the saced incenses is cannabis smoke.

    Circumambulation can be very calming and help a person enter a balanced state.

    If there is space within the building where you work as a medical cannabis minister (or space in an adjoining sacred garden), some of the persons you are ministering to may find circumambulation very enriching.

    And regular circumambulation will help demonstrate to a court of law the sincerity and depth of the religious beliefs carried out in your personal medical cannabis ministry.

    For a detailed Masonic view of circumambualtion see the article We’re All Dancing in a Ring Around the Sun [external link].


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    The courts have already ruled in multiple cases that a person who starts preparing a religious defense (including gathering certificates and other paperwork) after arrest loses all chance to use the late religious defense. It is essential that you prepare your defense before you are arrested. Adequate preparation may even prevent arrest.

    This website is concerned with religious matters and only obliquely discusses the law. I strongly recommend that medical marijuana ministers rely on a high quality lawyer.

    I (Milo) use my own religion as an example, because this is the religion I know well. I strongly urge people to get together with their lawyer and prepare a similar discussion for their own religion. Again, my religion is only an example.

    Good news: Many people over the years have successfully used Pr Ntr Kmt religious cannabis certificates. The author of this website has personally several times over more than a decade shown various police Pr Ntr Kmt documentation and the police have politely returned the religious cannabis. There are at least two Pr Ntr Kmt cannabis ministers who have been released after the police discovered several pounds of religious cannabis (although the police kept the cannabis). There are numerous real world successes.

    Reality: If the government decides it wants to “get you”, then your only chance is if you can afford a really, really good lawyer.

    The law is whatever the government decides the law is.

    The rights you heard about in grade school only apply if you can afford a great lawyer. Public defenders are under-budgeted and only want to process paperwork for plea bargains. They simply don’t have the time or money for trials.

    We don’t want to discourage anyone from worshiping with cannabis, but we do want to strongly warn everyone that you have a significant risk of long term imprisonment or worse, especially outside of major industrialized nations.

    Please act responsibly. Please hire a lawyer if you can possibly afford to do so.


    These web pages contain religious advice. These web pages are not professional legal or medical advice. Nothing on this website should be considered as a substitute or replacement for professional medical, health, or legal advice. All persons should seek the advice of qualified medical, health, or legal providers.

    If you spot an error in fact, grammar, syntax, or spelling, or a broken link, or have additional information, commentary, or constructive criticism, please contact Milo at PO Box 1361, Tustin, Calif, 92781, USA.

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Copyright © 2010 Milo.

Created: June 10, 2010

Last Updated: July 30, 2010

May Goddess Bast grant YOU love, peace, joy, bounty, and wisdom.